cbc.ca (© Copyright: (C) Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, http://www.cbc.ca/aboutcbc/discover/termsofuse.html#Rss)
Updated: Tue, 23 Jul 2013 07:21:23 GMT | By CBC News, cbc.ca

Child care by the numbers

Child care by the numbers

Child care has been in the news this month, and not always for the best of reasons.

In Ontario, the Ombudsman's office has a new investigation underway into how the province responds to public concerns about unlicensed daycare providers, following the death of a toddler at an unlicensed centre in Vaughan.

And on Monday police in Kitchener announced the arrest of a former home daycare operator, who was charged in the poisoning of two children.

Here are some numbers on early childhood care and education in Canada.


Number of children, 0-4 years old on July 1, 2012: 1,928,762.

Number of children, 0-5 years with mothers in the labour force, 2009: 1,268,200.

Mother's labour force participation rate when her youngest child is 0-2 years: 69 per cent.

Child-care spaces

Per cent of children 0-5 years for whom there was a regulated centre-based child care space in 2010: 21.8 per cent (up from 14.9 per cent in 2001).

Province with the highest share of regulated spaces: P.E.I., 41.6 per cent.

Province with the lowest share of regulated spaces: Saskatchewan, 10.5 per cent.

Per cent of children under six from poorest quartile of families who do not participate in out-of-home daycare: 65 per cent.

Per cent of children under six from the most affluent families who do not participate in out-of-home daycare: 30 per cent, according to a 2011 study by the Margaret and Wallace McCain Family Foundation.

Child-care funding and costs

Amount of provincial/territorial funding for regulated child care in 2009-2010: $3.5 billion (up from $1.9 billion in 2001).

Amount per child: $752 ($1,969 in Quebec).

Per cent of for-profit child-care spaces in 2010: 28 per cent. (For-profit spaces from from 30 to 20 per cent from 1992 to 2004, then rose again.)

Number of provinces providing no funding or fee subsidies to for-profit child-care centres: 1 (Saskatchewan).

Number of provinces that have set maximum parent fees: 3 (Manitoba, P.E.I. and Quebec).

Average full-time monthly fees for a two-year-old, 2010, in Quebec: $154 (the lowest for any province or territory).

Average full-time monthly fees for a two-year-old, 2010 in B.C.: $850 (the highest for any province or territory).

Amount the federal government pays to families for each child under 6 years old, per month: $100.

Early childhood education

Public expenditure on early childhood education services, as a share of GDP: .25 per cent. (That's the lowest share among comparable European and English-speaking countries, according to the OECD.)

The annual Increase in public spending required on early childhood education for Canada to be at the OECD average: $3-4 billion.

Average share of a province's or territory's budget spent on early childhood education: 1.53 per cent. (Quebec, 4.67 per cent, the highest share.)

Estimates of the benefits to the economy for every dollar spent on early childhood education, from $1.49 to $2.78.

Number of years since the Royal Commission on the Status of Women first recommended a national child-care program: 43.

Median income for full-time, qualified child-care program staff with a post-secondary qualification in 2006: $27,000.

- Read or watch a CBC News story about the former daycare operator accused of poisoning children

- Read the CBC News story about the Ontario Ombudsman's probe into complaints against unlicensed daycares

External Links

Public Investments in Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada 2010
Early Years Study 3 | Margaret & Wallace McCain Family Foundation
Early Childhood Education has Widespread and Long Lasting Benefits | TD Bank
Child care Canada resource and research unit

more video