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Updated: Sun, 23 Feb 2014 12:47:26 GMT | By The Associated Press, cbc.ca

Ukraine protests: Parliament speaker named interim president



A man takes pictures as anti-government protesters and journalists walk on the grounds of the Mezhyhirya residence of Ukraine's President Viktor Yanukovich in the village Novi Petrivtsi, outside Kyiv. Konstantin Chernichkin/Reuters

A man takes pictures as anti-government protesters and journalists walk on the grounds of the Mezhyhirya residence of Ukraine's President Viktor Yanukovich in the village Novi Petrivtsi, outside Kyiv. Konstantin Chernichkin/Reuters

Ukrainian legislators voted Sunday to temporarily hand over duties of president to the newly elected parliament speaker, who will take over from the impeached Viktor Yanukovych.

The presidential role was assigned to opposition leader Oleksandr Turchynov, who became the speaker of parliament on Saturday after Volodymyr Rybak quit the post, citing health reasons.

Turchynov is a close ally of former prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko, who was freed from prison after a tumultuous day that ended with her addressing a huge crowd in Kyiv and praising the country's anti-government protests.

In a separate development, parliament voted Sunday to dismiss Foreign Minister Leonid Kozhara. A successor was not named.

Kozhara had been closely involved in discussions with foreign powers over Yanukovich's decision to spurn political and
trade deals with the European Union and rebuild economic ties wit Russia instead.

Yanukoyvich abandoned his Kyiv office and nearby residence on Saturday.

The State Border Guard Service said a plane with Yanukovych on board was denied permission to take off for Russia on Saturday evening from Donetsk, a city in eastern Ukraine that is his base of support.

The president's spokesman said Sunday morning that even he does not know where Yanukovych is.

The Kyiv protest camp at the centre of the anti-Yanukovych movement was calm but still full of dedicated demonstrators Sunday morning, after a day that saw a stunning reversal of fortune in a political standoff that has worried the United States, Europe and Russia.

Ukraine is deeply divided between eastern regions that are largely pro-Russian and western areas that widely detest Yanukovych and long for closer ties with the European Union. Yanukovych's shelving of an agreement with the EU in November set off the wave of protests, but they quickly expanded their grievances to corruption, human rights abuses and calls for Yanukovych's resignation.

Pro-Russian demonstrators in the Crimean city of Kerch in eastern Ukraine pulled down the Ukrainian flag in front of city hall on Sunday, saying they want Crimea to secede from Ukraine.

On Monday, the European Union's high representative for foreign affairs, Catherine Ashton, will travel to Ukraine to discuss measures to stabilize the country's economy, the EU said in a statement.

The political crisis in the nation of 46 million has changed with blinding speed repeatedly in the past week. First there were signs that tensions were easing, followed by horrifying violence and then a deal signed under Western pressure that aimed to resolve the conflict but left the unity of the country in question.

Thousands explore president's compound

Protester self-defence units who have taken control of the capital peacefully changed shifts Sunday. Helmeted and wearing makeshift shields, they have replaced police guarding the president's administration and parliament, and have sought to stop radical forces from inflicting damage or unleashing violence.

Thousands of curious and contemptuous Ukrainians roamed the suddenly open grounds of the lavish compound outside Kyiv where Yanukovych was believed to live.

Parliament, which he controlled the previous day but is now emboldened against him, voted to remove him and set elections for May 25. But Yanukovych said in a televised address that he now regards the parliament as illegitimate and he won't respect its decisions.

Tymoshenko, whose diadem of blond peasant braids and stirring rhetoric attracted world attention in the 2004 Orange Revolution was both sad and excited as she spoke to a crowd of about 50,000 on Kyiv's Independence Square, where a sprawling protest tent camp was set up in December. Sitting in a wheelchair because of a back problem aggravated during imprisonment, her voice cracked and her face was careworn.

But her words were vivid, praising the protesters who were killed this week in clashes with police that included sniper fire and entreating the living to keep the camp going.

"You are heroes, you are the best thing in Ukraine!" she said of the victims. The Health Ministry said the death toll in clashes between protesters and police that included sniper attacks had reached 82 dead over the last week. The protesters put that figure at over 100.

And she urged the demonstrators not to yield their encampment in the square, known in Ukrainian as the Maidan.

"In no case do you have the right to leave the Maidan until you have concluded everything that you planned to do," she said.

The crowd was thrilled.

"We missed Yulia and her fire so much," said demonstrator Yuliya Sulchanik. Minutes after her release, Tymoshenko said she plans to run for president, and Sulchanik said "Yulia will be the next president — she deserves it."

'A coup d'etat'

Yanukovych's authority in Kyiv appeared to be eroding by the hour and suspicions mounted that he was trying to get out of the country. His support base crumbled further as a leading governor and a mayor from the eastern city of Kharkiv fled to Russia.

A plane carrying Yanukovych tried to take off Saturday evening from the eastern city of Donetsk but didn't have the proper documentation so was turned away, Oleh Slobodyan of the State Border Guard service said Sunday. The president was driven off in a car from the airport, he said. Slobodyan said there has been no record of Yanukovych leaving Ukraine by land, and it was not clear where the plane was headed.

Yanukovych spoke on television Saturday in Kharkiv, accused his opponents of a putsch.

"Everything that is happening today is, to a greater degree, vandalism and banditry and a coup d'etat," he said. "I will do everything to protect my country from breakup, to stop bloodshed."

The conviction of Tymoshenko was one of the underlying issues driving the protests.

After the 2004 Orange Revolution helped bring Viktor Yushchenko to the presidency, Tymoshenko became prime minister. But when Yanukovych won the 2010 election, Tymoshenko was arrested and put on trial for abuse of office, an action widely seen as political revenge.

EU foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton welcomed the release of Tymoshenko as "an important step forward in view of addressing concerns regarding selective justice in the country."

Russia came out Saturday firmly against the peace deal, saying the opposition isn't holding up its end of the agreement, which calls for protesters to surrender arms and abandon their tent camps. Tymoshenko's entreaty is likely to make the latter condition slow to be fulfilled.

European officials urged calm. Ukraine's defence and military officials also called for Ukrainians to stay peaceful but did not clearly come on the side of the president or opposition.

The past week has seen the worst violence in Ukraine since the breakup of the Soviet Union a quarter-century ago. At Independence Square Saturday, protesters heaped flowers on the coffins of the dead.

"These are heroes of Ukraine who gave their lives so that we could live in a different country without Yanukovych," said protester Viktor Fedoruk, 32. "Their names will be written in golden letters in the history of Ukraine."

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